Felix Alois Thuketana

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Felix Alois Thuketana
F.A. Thuketana.png
Vutomi
Ndzhawu yovelekiwa Burgersdorp, Limpopo, N'wendzamhala 5, 1933
Tiko ra vutshami Afrika-Dzonga
Ririmi rantumbuluko Xitsonga
Ndzhawu yolova Xibedlele xa Mankweng, Nhlangula 2, 2013
Ndyangu
Nghamu Louisa Thuketana
N'wana/Vana
Education
Uleteriwe e Lemana Training Institute
Mindolo Ecumenical Centre
Tindzimi leti a a titiva, kutsala na kuvulavula Xitsonga
Xinghezi
Xibhunu
Ntirho
Ntirho Mutsari, Mutsari wa tinovhele, Mufundhisi nakambe Muteki wa mahungu
Masagwati lama kumiweke
Vupfumeri
Vukhongeri Vu Presbethari

Felix Alois Thuketana[1] (5 N'wendzamhala 1933 - † 02 Nhlangula 2013), a ari mutsari na muhundzuluxeri wa ririmi ra Xitsonga loyi a xiximiwaka ngopfu. Hi lembe ra 1989, Thuketana u hlurile no nyikiwa sagwadi ra "H.P. Junod Literary Prize" eka xiyenge xa matsalwa ya ndhavuko, hi tsalwa rakwe leri nge "N'wambilu Makokorho".[1] Hambiswiritano, "Xisomisana" i buku leyi nga endla leswaku a va mutsari wa ndhuma swinene etikweni ra Afrika Dzonga, na le matikweni man’wana.[2] Hi lembe ra 2007 u xiximiwe hi sagwadi ra Lifetime Achievement Literary Award leri a nyikiweke hi va ka South African Literary Awards, lava va seketeriwaka hi Ndzawulo ya Vutshila ni Mfuwo, Phephahungu ra Sowetan na Nutrend Publishing.[3][4][5] Thuketana u hoxe xandla eku tsariweni ka matsalwa ya Xitsonga evuton'wini byakwe ku fikela loko a ta hundza emisaveni.

Ta vutomi byakwe[Lulamisa | edit source]

Malembe yo sungula[Lulamisa | edit source]

Thuketana i n'wana wa vumbirhi na swona a tlhela a va xiguma-ndzeni xa Mufundhisi J.W. Thuketana, loyi a a ri mufundhisi wa kereke ya Swiss Mission. U velekiwile hi siku ra 5 N’wendzamhala 1933, eBurgersdorp (Shiluvane) – Letaba District. Hikwalaho ka vutihlamuleri bya vufundhisi, ndyangu waka Thuketana a wu tshamela ku rhurha.[1] Thuketana u kulele eLadyselborne le Pitori laha tatana wa yena a tirhela kona ntirho wa vufundhisi. U pasile tidyondzo ta yena ta purayimari na ta le sekondari kwale Ladyselborne.[2] Muti wa ka vona wu tlhele wu ya tshama eDoornfontein ejoni.

Tidyondzo tale henhla na vudyondzisi: 1950 - 1997[Lulamisa | edit source]

U pasile tidyondzo ta yena ta vudyondzisi eLemana Institute. Hikokwalaho ka ku pfumeleka ka poso ya vudyondzisi endzhaku ka loko a hetile eLemana Institute, u xambirile ku tirha efemeni ya Pretoria Light Industry hi lembe ra 1954. Endzhaku ka nkarinyana, u kumile poso ya vudyondzisi exikolweni xa Bordeaux, kwale makaya hi lembe ra 1956. U hlanganisile khwayere ya vuyimbeleri ya xikolo, naswona u humelele ngopfu na khwaya ya yena leswi endleke leswaku a xiximiwa ngopfu eka miphikizano ya vuyimbeleri bya tikhwayere.[1] Thuketana u dyondzisile eswikolweni swo hambanahambana, ku kondza a ya kuma ntirho wo va nhloko ya xikolo eGavaza Combined School, laha a nga hetelela a huma pecheni a ri kona hi lembe ra 1997.[2][2][5]

Vutsari na maphepha-hungu: 1958 - 1980[Lulamisa | edit source]

Hi 1958 Thuketana na kokwa-wakwe DZJ Mathebule va simekile phepha-hungu ra "Pusela" leri a risekeriwa hi Masonia Products, leyi akuri khampani yo xavisa mirhi ya vutshunguri eTzaneen. Xikongomelo xa Phepha-hungu leri akuri ku tivisa vanhu hileswi endlekaka e xifundzeni xavona. Mphakelo wa vona awufikelele na le Sibasa. Thuketana a a tirha tani hi muteki-mahungu naswona a thlela ava mupfapfarhuti wa phephe-hungu leri, kufikela laha rithyiweke vito rintshwa ra "Marungula". Hi lembe ra 1964 Mufundhisi Theo Schneider wa kerke ya Swiss Mission, u tsakele ntirho wa Thuketa naswona a n'wirhumela e xikolweni xa vufundhisi xa Mindolo, e Kitwe, e tikweni ra Zambiya. Thuketa u kumile Diploma ya yena eka Matsalwa ya xikreste. Nhlohlotelo lowu wu tikombe hi kuhetelela eka tsalwa ra yena ra "Xisomisana".[1]

Thuketana uve xirho xa Christian Writers Fellowship of Afrika, athlela ava xirho xa Xitsonga Writers Association, kukota a hundza emisaveni.[4]

Vukati na Vana[Lulamisa | edit source]

Thuketana u cate na Manana Louisa Thuketana, naswona va katekisiwe hi vana va nthlanu (majaha manharhu na tintombhi timbirhi).[1]

Vutsari na vuhundzuluxi[Lulamisa | edit source]

Thuketana u tikombile ku va mutsari wa ntokoto hi ku hamba a tsala swihungwahungwana swa mafenya leswi loko a ri karhi a swi hlayela vanghana xikan’we ni tintangha takwe a vo dzumbela ro dlawa hi ku hleka. U xambirile ku humesa tsalwa ra yena ro sungula loko ku kandzisiwile buku ya “Kheleni ra Tihele” leyi a yi lo hundzuluxiwa ku suka eka ririmi ra Xisuthu (buku ya “Sekoting sa Lihele”) ku ya eka Xitsonga.[2]

U tsarile tibuku leti landzelaka:

  1. Xisomisana
  2. N’waninginingi ma ka Tindleve
  3. Ndzi ngo Tinciki
  4. N’wambilu makokorho

Thuketana u yile emahlweni a hundzuluxa tibuku leti landzelaka ku ta eka Xitsonga:[2]

  1. "Kheleni ra Tihele"
  2. “Hanyelo ra mukriste”
  3. “Mayana ku hanana”
  4. “Ndzi rhandze Jaha”
  5. “Ndzi rhandze nhwana”

Thuketana u vile un’wana wa ntlawa lowu nga hundzuluxa tsalwa ra Deuterocanonical / Apocrypha ku ta eka ririmi ra Xitsonga ehansi ka vulawuri bya South African Council of Bishops, laha athleleke a endzela tiko ra Israyele tani himurhumiwa wa huvo leyi.[2][4]

Masagwati lawa amakumeke[Lulamisa | edit source]

Thuketana u thlomiwile tinsiva naswona anyikiwa masagwati lama landzelaka:

  1. H.P. Junod Literary Prize -- xiyenge xa matsalwa ya ndhavuko, -"N'wambilu Makokorho" - lembe: 1989[2]
  2. South African Literary Award -- xiyenge xa Lifetime Achievement - Lembe: 2007[5]

Mintshaho[Lulamisa | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Some narratological features of the novels of F.A. Thuketana" (March 2011) - Chauke, Mkhacani Thomas -UJ Library and Information Centre. Retrieved 8 March 2016
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 "Preserving and Celebrating our literary heritage" (March 2011) - National Library of South Africa. Retrieved 22 February 2016
  3. "Felix Thuketana -Lifetime Achievement Literary Award" (March 2011) - The South African Literary Awards. Retrieved 8 March 2016
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Literary Giant drops his pen" (11 October 2013) - Vonani Bila, Sowetan News Paper. Retrieved 29 October 2018
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Felix Thuketana - Profile", South African Literary Awards. Retrieved 29 October 2018