Xitsonga

Kusuka e Wikipedia
Tlulela eka: Xikomba-ndlela, Lava
Tsonga
Rivulavuriwa e: Flag of Muzambhiki Mozambique
Flag of Afrika-Dzonga Afrika-Dzonga
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 
Region: Limpopo, Mpumalanga
Ntsengo wa Lavavulavulaka: 3,275,105
Muti wa ririmi: Niger-Congo
 Tsonga
 
Official status
Ririmi-ximfumo e: Flag of Afrika-Dzonga Afrika-Dzonga
Rilanguteriwa hi: no official regulation
Tikhodi ta ririmi
ISO 639-1: ts
ISO 639-2: tso
ISO 639-3: tso

Xitsonga (Tsonga, Thonga, Tonga, Gwamba, Shangaan, Shangana) - I ririmi leri vulavuriwaka edzongeni wa tiko ra Mozambique, en´walungwini na le vuxeni bya tiko ra Afrika-Dzonga, eSwazini xikan´we na le ka xiphemu xin´wani xa tiko ra Zimbabwe.

Kuhangalaka ka vanhu hi mbangu[Lulamisa | edit source]

Xitsonga xi vulavuriwa hi kwalomu ka 1,646,000 wa vanhu e swifundzeni swa Limpopo; Joni na Mpumalanga e Afrika Dzonga, kuhlanganisa na kwalomu ka 1.5 wa timiliyoni ta vanhu e Mozambhiki, na 19,000 wa vanhu eSwaziland. Ku ni 100,000 wa vanhu lava va vulavulaka xitsonga (kumbe rinwe ra marhavi ya kona) eZimbabwe.

Xiyimo-mfumo[Lulamisa | edit source]

Xitsonga i rin'wana ra tindzimi-mfumo ta Afrika dzonga.

Marhavi ya ririmi/Tinxaka ta Ririmi leri[Lulamisa | edit source]

Marhavi ya ririmi ra Xitsonga ma vulavuriwa kuya fikela en'walungwini wa nambu wa Risavi eZimbabwe, ku hlanganisa na kuya fika eDzongeni ra KwaZulu-Natal. Hambi leswi marhavi lawa ma twisisanaka, kuni ku hambana loku twalaka hi kuya hi vumbangu na nhlohlotelo wa vu kolonyi. Xitsonga xi ni maxaka ya le kusuhi ngopfu lawa kunga: Xirhonga, lexi vulavuriwaka eMaputo, Mozambiki; na Xitswa, lexi vulavuriwaka e Nyembane, na Xihlengwe lexi kumekaka ku ya eZimbabwe.

Marhavi lawa ma hambana hi mavulavulele. Hixikombiso, eka Xitsonga xa le Afrika Dzonga u nga ku: Xikwembu; E Zimbabwe va ku: Chikwembu.

Marhavi lawa hinkwawo ma kume nhlohlotelo lowu nga ringaniki wa ririmi ra xiZulu naswona, e Zimbabwe, hi ririmi ra xiNdevele. Leswi swi hoxe marito lawa a ya nga ri kona eka Xitsonga xa khale.

Swikombiso swa marito lama lombiweke: ngqondo, gqoka, rincingo, qamba, Mugqivela... na swin'wana.

Nhlamuselo ya le handle[Lulamisa | edit source]

Swinwana swa leswi hlawulekisaka ririmi ya Xitsonga, hi leswi landzelaka

  1. Mintolovelo
  2. Ndzhavuko
  3. Matsalele ya ririmi
  4. Mahlayele ya ririmi
  5. Mfuwo wa ririmi kumbe rixaka/tinxaka
  6. Maendlele ya swilo