Chayina

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Chayina i tiko ra Axiya.

People's Republic of China
  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Flag of China
Flag
National Emblem of China
National Emblem
Anthem: 
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Ntsindza-doroba Beijing[lower-alpha 1]
39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest city Shanghai[1]
Tindzimi-Ximfumo Standard Chinese[2][lower-alpha 2]
Official script Simplified Chinese[lower-alpha 3]
Recognised regional
languages[3]
Ethnic groups
Religion See Religion in China
Demonym Chinese
Government Unitary one-party socialist republic[5]
Xi Jinping[lower-alpha 5]
• Premier
Li Keqiang
Li Zhanshu
Wang Yang
• First Secretary of the Party Secretariat
Wang Huning
Zhao Leji
• First Vice Premier
Han Zheng
Wang Qishan[lower-alpha 6]
Legislature National People's Congress
Formation
221 Template:Sc
1 January 1912
21 September 1949[7][8][9]
1 October 1949
4 December 1982
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2 (3,705,407 sq mi)[lower-alpha 7] (3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
2.8%[lower-alpha 8]
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,403,500,365 Increase[13] (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852[14] (1st)
• Density
145[15]/km2 (375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$25.238 trillion[16] (1st)
• Per capita

$18,066[16] (79th)

   
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$14.092 trillion[16] (2nd)
• Per capita
$10,087[16] (71st)
Gini (2015) 46.2[17]
high
HDI (2016) Increase 0.738[18]
high · 90th
Currency Renminbi (yuan; ¥)[lower-alpha 9] (CNY)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on the right[lower-alpha 10]
Calling code +86
ISO 3166 code CN
Internet TLD


Mintsaho[Lulamisa | edit source]

  1. Chan, Kam Wing (2007). "Misconceptions and Complexities in the Study of China's Cities: Definitions, Statistics, and Implications" (PDF). Eurasian Geography and Economics 48 (4): 383–412. doi:10.2747/1538-7216.48.4.383. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2011.  p. 395
  2. "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Standard Spoken and Written Chinese Language (Order of the President No.37)". Chinese Government. 31 October 2000. Retrieved 21 June 2013. "For purposes of this Law, the standard spoken and written Chinese language means Putonghua (a common speech with pronunciation based on the Beijing dialect) and the standardized Chinese characters." 
  3. General Information of the People's Republic of China (PRC): Languages, chinatoday.com, retrieved 17 April 2008 
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named census
  5. "Constitution of the People's Republic of China". The National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  6. "New man at helm: Xi Jinping elected to lead China". RT.com. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named prcfounding
  8. Peaslee, Amos J. (1956), "Data Regarding the 'People's Republic of China'", Constitutions of Nations, Vol. I, 2nd ed., Dordrecht: Springer, p. 533, ISBN 978-94-017-7125-2 
  9. Chaurasia, Radhey Shyam (2004), "Introduction", History of Modern China, New Delhi: Atlantic, p. 1, ISBN 9788126903153 
  10. "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density". UN Statistics. 2007. Archived from the original on 24 December 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2010. 
  11. "China". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIA
  13. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  14. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named groups
  15. "Population density (people per sq. km of land area)". IMF. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 "IMF Data Mapper". IMF. April 2018. 
  17. "China's Economy Realized a Moderate but Stable and Sound Growth in 2015". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. "Taking the per capita disposable income of nationwide households by income quintiles, that of the low-income group reached 5,221 yuan, the lower-middle-income group 11,894 yuan, the middle-income group 19,320 yuan, the upper-middle-income group 29,438 yuan, and the high-income group 54,544 yuan. The Gini Coefficient for national income in 2015 was 0.462." 
  18. "Human Development Report 2016: Human Development for Everyone". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 


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