Afghanistan

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Coordinates: 33°N 65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65 Afghanistan i tiko ra Axiya.

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  
  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
  • Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh Afġānestān
  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)
  • Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
Flag of Afghanistan
Flag
Coat of arms of Afghanistan
Coat of arms
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
(English: "National Anthem")
Location of Afghanistan
Ntsindza-doroba
and largest city
Kabul
34°32′N 69°08′E / 34.533°N 69.133°E / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages
Ethnic groups Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, and others[2]
Religion Islam
Demonym Afghan[Note 1]
Government Unitary presidential Islamic republic
Ashraf Ghani
Abdullah Abdullah
Legislature National Assembly
House of Elders
House of the People
Formation
April 1709
October 1747
• Emirate
1823
19 August 1919
• Kingdom
9 June 1926
17 July 1973
26 January 2004
Area
• Total
652,864[5] km2 (252,072 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
34,656,032[6] (40th)
• Density
49.88/km2 (129.2/sq mi) (150th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$70 billion[7]
• Per capita

$1,888[7]

   
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$21 billion[7]
• Per capita
$572[7]
Gini (2008) 29[8]
low
HDI (2014) Increase 0.465[9]
low · 171st
Currency Afghani (Afs) (AFN)
Time zone D† (UTC+4:30 Solar Calendar)
Drives on the right
Calling code +93
ISO 3166 code AF
Internet TLD .af افغانستان.

Mintsaho[Lulamisa | edit source]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named AO
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CIA-Ethnic-groups
  3. Dictionary.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Reference.com (Retrieved 13 November 2007).
  4. Dictionary.com. WordNet 3.0. Princeton University. Reference.com (Retrieved 13 November 2007). Archived 28 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. "Central Statistics Organization". cso.gov.af. 
  6. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Afghanistan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 1 October 2017. 
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 11 May 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  9. "2015 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 14 December 2015. p. 18. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  1. Incorrect names that have been used as demonyms are Afghani[3] and Afghanistani.[4]