Kusuka e Wikipedia

Coordinates: 40°18′N 47°42′E / 40.3°N 47.7°E / 40.3; 47.7 Azerbaijan i tiko ra Axiya.

Republic of Azerbaijan
Azərbaycan Respublikası  (Azerbaijani)
Three equally sized horizontal bands of blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star centered in the red band
Emblem of Azerbaijan
Location of Azerbaijan (green)[lower-alpha 1] (light green).
Location of Azerbaijan (green)[lower-alpha 1] (light green).
Ntsindza-doroba Baku
40°25′N 49°50′E / 40.417°N 49.833°E / 40.417; 49.833
Tindzimi-Ximfumo Azerbaijani
Ethnic minority languages Avar, Budukh, Georgian, Juhuri, Khinalug, Kryts, Kurdish, Lezgian, Russian, Rutul, Talysh, Tat, Tsakhur and Udi
Ethnic groups (2009[1])
Demonym Azerbaijani
Government Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic[2]
Ilham Aliyev
Mehriban Aliyeva
Novruz Mammadov
Legislature National Assembly
28 May 1918
28 April 1920
• Independence from Soviet Union
30 August 1991 (declared)
18 October 1991 (independence)
25 December 1991 (completed)
21 December 1991
2 March 1992
• Constitution adopted
12 November 1995
• Total
86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) (111th)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
9,911,646[3] (91st)
• Density
113/km2 (292.7/sq mi) (99th)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$175 billion[4] (72nd)
• Per capita

$17,857[4] (71st)

GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Total
$39.207 billion [4] (110th)
• Per capita
$4,097[4] (110th)
Gini (2018) 31.8[5]
HDI (2018) Increase 0.759[6]
high · 78th
Currency Manat (₼) (AZN)
Time zone AZT (UTC+04)
Drives on the right
Calling code +994
ISO 3166 code AZ
Internet TLD .az

Mintsaho[Lulamisa | edit source]

  1. The State Statistical Committee of the Azerbaijan Republic, The ethnic composition of the population according to the 2009 census. {
  2. LaPorte, Jody (2016). "Semi-presidentialism in Azerbaijan". In Elgie, Robert; Moestrup, Sophia. Semi-Presidentialism in the Caucasus and Central Asia. London: Palgrave Macmillan (published 15 May 2016). pp. 91–117. ISBN 978-1-137-38780-6. LCCN 2016939393. OCLC 6039791976. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-38781-3_4. Retrieved 13 October 2017. "LaPorte examines the dynamics of semi-presidentialism in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan’s regime is a curious hybrid, in which semi-presidential institutions operate in the larger context of authoritarianism. The author compares formal Constitutional provisions with the practice of politics in the country, suggesting that formal and informal sources of authority come together to enhance the effective powers of the presidency. In addition to the considerable formal powers laid out in the Constitution, Azerbaijan’s president also benefits from the support of the ruling party and informal family and patronage networks. LaPorte concludes by discussing the theoretical implications of this symbiosis between formal and informal institutions in Azerbaijan’s semi-presidential regime."  Unknown parameter |chapter-format= ignored (help)
  3. "Azərbaycanda demoqrafik vəziyyət" (in Azerbaijani). Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Statistika Komitəsi. 13 October 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Azerbaijan". International Monetary Fund. 
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  6. "Human Development Report 2016 – "Human Development for everyone"". United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named region