Timbhoni ta Yehovha

Kusuka e Wikipedia
Tlulela eka: Xikomba-ndlela, Lava
Brooklyn, Newyork
Tiholo ta Mfumo
Timbhoni Ta Yehovha

Timbhoni ta Yehovha i vukhongeri bya xikreste lebyi nga pfumeriki e ka vunharhu-vun'we ku hambana na vukhongeri bya vukreste lebyi tolovelekeke.[1] Ntlawa lowu wu vika vulandzeri bya misava hinkwayo bya kwalomu ka 8.340.847 miliyoni ta vahuweleri,[2] kwalomu ka 15 wa timiliyoni wa lava kumekaka e mitsombanweni, na kwalomu ka 20.08 wa timiliyoni ta vanhu lava veke kona e Xitsundzuxweni.[3] Timbhoni ta Yehovha ti rhangeriwa hi Huvo leyi Fumaka, kunga ntlawa wa vakulu e Brooklyn, New York, lowu simekaka tidyondzo hikwato ta vona [4] kuya hi tinhlamuselo ta Bhibhele .[5] Vatirhisa ngopfu Bhibhele ya vona leyi tiviwaka hi , Vuhundzuluxeri bya matsalwa bya Misava leyintshwa,[6] hambi leswi tibuku tavona ti tshahaka vuhundzuluxeri byin'wana .[7] Vupfumela leswaku kuherisiwa ka mafambiselo ya sweswi ya misava e Armageddon kutshinele, naswona leswaku ku simekiwa ka Mfumo wa Xikwembu laha misaveni, hi xona ntsena xintshuxo xa swirhalanganya hikwaswo leswi languteke vanhu hikwavo.[8]

Ntlawa lowu wusukela eka Swichudeni swa Bhibhele, kunga ntlawa lowu simekiweke kwalomu ka malembe ya 1870 hi Charles Taze Russell loyi a sunguleke Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society, naswona vathlela va cinca mafambisele na tidyondzo ta vona e hansi ka vurhangeri bya Joseph Franklin Rutherford.[9][10] Vito ra Timbhoni ta Yehovha[11] riamukeriwile hi ntlawa lowu hi lembe ra 1931 leswaku wutihambanisa na mintlawa yin'wana ya Swichudeni swa Bhibhele leswi sukaka e tidyondzweni ta  Russell.[12][13][14]

Timbhoni ta yehovha titiveka ngopfu hi kuchumayela ka muti-hi-muti, kuhangalasa tibuku tavona leti vuriwaka Xihondzo xo Rindza na Pfuka!, ku ala Vusocha na kucheriwa ka ngati. Vatshemba leswaku iswa nkoka ku tirhisa vito ra Yehova eku khongeleni. Va ala Vunharhu-vun'we, Kupona ka moyaxiviri, na ndzilo wa tihele, leswi va vulaka swi hambana na matsalwa. Ava tlangeri Khisimusi, Gudu, Masiku yo tswariwa kumbe tiholide na swihenwa leswi va vulaka swi huma eka vukhongeri bya Vujagana naswona swihambana na Vukreste.[15] Valandzeri vantlawa lowu va vula tidyondzo ta vona "Ntiyiso" naswona vativona vari "entiyisweni".[16] Va vona vanhu van'wana lava naga ehandle ku vupfumeri lebyi tani hi lava hombolokeke naswona vari e hansi ka nhlohlotelo wa Sathana, naswona va hunguta ku tihlanganisa na vona.[17] Vuxupuri bya nhlengeletano/vandla byi hlanganisa Kususiwa kunga rito ravona leri hlamuselaka ku hlongoriwa no bakanyiwa.[18] Vanhu lava susiweke vanga ha thleriseriwa loko va voniwa va hundzukile.[19]

Vuyimo bya vukhongeri leyi mayelana na ku ala vusocha na ku hlonipha mujeko, byi va vangele madzolonga na Mifumo ya matiko yo hlaya. Hiswona leswi vangeleke leswaku, van'wana va Timbhoni ta Yehovha va xanisiwa naswona vukhongeri byavona byi arisiwa ematikweni man'wana. Kuphikelela ka vona e tihuveni ta milawu swi hlohlotele timfanelo ta ximunhu ematikweni yohlaya.[20]

Nhlangano lowu wu thlele wu soriwa ngopfu eka timhaka leti hlanganisaka Vuhundzuluxeri bya vona bya Bhibhele, Tidyondzo ta vona, Makhomele ya ti mhaka taku xanisa himasangu, na kuhlohlotela no chavisa valandzeri vavona. Mixungeto leyi yi ariwile hi varhangeri vavona naswona yinwana yi kanetiwile etihuveni ta milawu.

Swiyelanisi[Lulamisa | edit source]

  1. Sources for descriptors:
    • Millenarian: Beckford, James A. (1975). The Trumpet of Prophecy: A Sociological Study of Jehovah's Witnesses. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. pp. 118–119, 151, 200–201. ISBN 0-631-16310-7. 
  2. "Jehovah's Witnesses Official Media Web Site: Our History and Organization: Membership".
  3. "Guided by God's Spirit". Awake!: 32. June 2008. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  4. Beckford, James A. (1975). The Trumpet of Prophecy: A Sociological Study of Jehovah's Witnesses. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. p. 221. ISBN 0-631-16310-7. "Doctrine has always emanated from the Society's elite in Brooklyn and has never emerged from discussion among, or suggestion from, rank-and-file Witnesses." 
  5. "Jehovah's Witnesses". The Columbia Encyclopedia. Columbia University Press. 2011. ISBN 978-0-7876-5015-5. "The Witnesses base their teaching on the Bible." 
  6. Edwards, Linda (2001). A Brief Guide to Beliefs. Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press. p. 438. ISBN 0-664-22259-5. "The Jehovah's Witnesses' interpretation of Christianity and their rejection of orthodoxy influenced them to produce their own translation of the Bible, The New World Translation." 
  7. "When Was Ancient Jerusalem Destroyed?—Part One". The Watchtower: 26. October 1, 2011. "Jehovah's Witnesses produce a reliable Bible translation known as the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures. However, if you are not one of Jehovah’s Witnesses, you may prefer to use other translations when considering Bible subjects. This article quotes from a number of widely accepted Bible translations." 
  8. "Jehovah's Witness". Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2007. ISBN 978-1-59339-293-2. 
  9. Michael Hill, ed. (1972). "The Embryonic State of a Religious Sect's Development: The Jehovah's Witnesses". Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain (5): 11–12. "Joseph Franklin Rutherford succeeded to Russell's position as President of Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society, but only at the expense of antagonizing a large proportion of the Watch Towers subscribers. Nevertheless, he persisted in moulding the Society to suit his own programme of activist evangelism under systematic central control, and he succeeded in creating the administrative structure of the present-day sect of Jehovah's Witnesses." 
  10. Leo P. Chall (1978). "Sociological Abstracts". Sociology of Religion 26 (1–3): 193. "Rutherford, through the Watch Tower Society, succeeded in changing all aspects of the sect from 1919 to 1932 and created Jehovah's Witnesses—a charismatic offshoot of the Bible student community." 
  11. Based on Isaiah 43:10–12 - Isaiah 43:10-12
  12. Rogerson, Alan (1969). Millions Now Living Will Never Die: A Study of Jehovah's Witnesses. London: Constable. p. 55. "In 1931, came an important milestone in the history of the organisation. For many years Rutherford's followers had been called a variety of names: 'International Bible Students', 'Russellites', or 'Millennial Dawners'. In order to distinguish clearly his followers from the other groups who had separated in 1918 Rutherford proposed that they adopt an entirely new name—Jehovah's witnesses." 
  13. James A. Beckford, The Trumpet of Prophecy, 1975, page 30, "The new title symbolized a break with the legacy of Russell's traditions, the instigation of new outlooks and the promotion of fresh methods of administering evangelism."
  14. "A New Name". The Watch Tower: 291. October 1, 1931. "Since the death of Charles T. Russell there have arisen numerous companies formed out of those who once walked with him, each of these companies claiming to teach the truth, and each calling themselves by some name, such as "Followers of Pastor Russell", "those who stand by the truth as expounded by Pastor Russell," "Associated Bible Students," and some by the names of their local leaders. All of this tends to confusion and hinders those of good will who are not better informed from obtaining a knowledge of the truth." 
  15. Franz, Raymond (2007). In Search of Christian Freedom. Commentary Press. pp. 274–5. ISBN 0-914675-16-8. 
  16. Singelenberg, Richard (1989). "It Separated the Wheat From the Chaff: The 1975 Prophecy and its Impact Among Dutch Jehovah's Witnesses". Sociological Analysis 50 (Spring 1989): 23–40, footnote 8. doi:10.2307/3710916. "'The Truth' is Witnesses' jargon, meaning the Society's belief system." 
  17. Penton, M.J. (1997). Apocalypse Delayed: The Story of Jehovah's Witnesses. University of Toronto Press. pp. 280–283. ISBN 0-8020-7973-3. "Most Witnesses tend to think of society outside their own community as decadent and corrupt ... This in turn means to Jehovah's Witnesses that they must keep themselves apart from Satan's "doomed system of things." Thus most tend to socialize largely, although not totally, within the Witness community." 
  18. Chryssides, George D. (1999). Exploring New Religions. London: Continuum. p. 5. ISBN 0-8264-5959-5. "The Jehovah's Witnesses are well known for their practice of 'disfellowshipping' wayward members." 
  19. Shepherd the Flock of God. Watch Tower Society. p. 119. "The committee should be careful to allow sufficient time, perhaps many months, a year, or even longer, for the disfellowshipped person to prove that his profession of repentance is genuine." 
  20. Gary Botting, Fundamental Freedoms and Jehovah's Witnesses (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1993), pg 1–13.