Basa

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Basa i muhlovo wo vonikela kutlula mihlovo yin'wana, hikwalaho ka leswi wu thleriselaka miseve hinkwayo ya rivoningo.[1] Muhlovo lowu wutiyimela woxe,  naswona eka tidyondzo ta sayensi wu yimela kuhambana hi ku kongoma eka muhlovo wa ntima. I muhlovo wa switsari swale xikolweni[2] na maphepha lowa manga hava muhlovo.

Hikuya hi swivutisa mani ematikweni-nkulu ya Yuropa na Amerikha wa le N'walungu, muhlovo wo basa lowu yalenisiwaka na kuhelela, vunene, masungulo na vunthswa.[3] Muhlovo wo basa iwa nkoka eka vukhongeri hinkwabyo bya misava. Mupapa, nhloko ya vukhongeri bya Vukatolika, umbala sw'ambalo swa muhlovo wo basa kusukela hi lembe ra 1566, kunga mfungo wa vutengi na kutinyiketela. Eka vukhongeri bya Vusurumani, na bya Vuxinto e Japani, muhlovo wo basa, wu mbariwa hi va valangi va vukhongeri, na hi va Brahimi e Indiya. Eka mundzhavuko ya le Vupela dyambu nale tikweni ra Japani, muhlovo wo basa hi wona muhlovo wa rhoko ya mucato, naswona wu hlamusela vutengi na vukhomba. Kasi eka mindzhavuko ya le tikweni-nkulu ra Axiya, muhlovo wo basa i muhlovo wa vakhandli va nhlonge.[4]

Eka mfumo ya khale ya Gibhita na Rhoma, vaprista vaxisati a va ambala tinguvu to basa tani hi mfungo wa vutengi, kasi varhoma a va ambala x'ambalo xa nguvu yo basa tani hi mfungo wa vuaka tiko. Eka malembe ya le xikarhi, hanci yo basa ayifanisa vutengi, kasi xinyempfana xo basa a xifanisa kutinyiketela na vutengi. Muhlovo wo basa awuri muhlovo lowu awu mbariwa hi tihosi ta le Furhwa, na vafumi va le tikweni ra Rhaxiya hi nkarhi wa vu Bholxevi eka nyimpi ya xin'wana manana ya le Rhaxiya(1917–1922). Titempele ta Vagriki na Varhoma ati sasekisiwa hi maribye yo basa, naswona hi kusungula ka lembe-xidzana ra vu 18, muhlovo wo basa wutirhisiwe eka swi akiwo swa vukhongeri, mfumo na mintsindza ya matiko yo tala, ngopfu-ngopfu e tikweni ra Amerikha. Awuthela wu tirhisiwa tani hi mfungo wa swa vuthsila bya manguva lawa kusukela hi lembe-xidzana ra vu 20.

Minthsaho[Lulamisa | edit source]

  1. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition (2002); The Random House College Dictionary of the English Language, Revised Edition,(1980)
  2. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th Edition (2002)
  3. Eva Heller (2000), Psychologie de la couleur – effets ets symboliques, pp. 130–46
  4. Eva Heller (2000), Psychologie de la couleur – effets ets symboliques, p. 137