Xitsonga

Kusuka e Wikipedia
Tlulela eka: Xikomba-ndlela, Lava
Tsonga
Rivulavuriwa e: Flag of Mozambique Mozambique
Flag of Afrika-Dzonga Afrika-Dzonga
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 
Region: Limpopo, Mpumalanga
Ntsengo wa Lavavulavulaka: 3,275,105
Muti wa ririmi: Niger-Congo
 Atlantic-Congo
  Volta-Congo
   Benue-Congo
    Bantoid
     Southern
      Narrow Bantu
       Tsonga 
Official status
Ririmi-ximfumo e: Flag of Afrika-Dzonga Afrika-Dzonga
Rilanguteriwa hi: no official regulation
Tikhodi ta ririmi
ISO 639-1: ts
ISO 639-2: tso
ISO 639-3: tso

Xitsonga (Tsonga, Thonga, Tonga, Gwamba, Shangaan, Shangana) - i ririmi leri vulavulavuriwaka e dzongeni wa tiko ra Mozambique, e n´walungwini na vuxeni bya tiko ra Afrika-Dzonga, e Swazini xikan´we na le ka xiphemu xin´wani xa tiko ra Zimbabwe.

Kufanisa ka tindzimi[Lulamisa | edit source]

Xitsonga i ririmileri fanisiwaka e hansi ka rhavi ra tindzimi ta Bantu leti vulavuriwaka kusukela e Niger-Congo. Matsonga ma vitiwa machangana minkarhi yo tala. Matsonga yo tala ma ake e Xifundzheni xa Limpopo e Afrika Dzonga.

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Kuhangalaka ka vanhu hi mbangu[Lulamisa | edit source]

Xitsonga xi vulavuriwa hi kwalomu ka 1,646,000 wa vanhu e swifundzeni swa Limpopo; Joni na Mpumalanga e Afrika Dzonga, kuhlanganisa na kwalomu ka 1.5 wa timiliyoni ta vanhu e Mozambhiki, na 19,000 wa vanhu e Swaziland. Ku ni 100,000 wa vanhu lava va vulavulaka xitsonga (kumbe rinwe ra marhavi ya kona) e Zimbabwe.

Xiyimo-mfumo[Lulamisa | edit source]

Xitsonga i rinwana tindzimi-mfumo ta Afrika dzonga .

Marhavi ya ririmi/Tinxaka ta Ririmi leri[Lulamisa | edit source]

Marhavi ya ririmi ra Xitsonga ma vulavuriwa kuya fikela e nwalungwini wa nambu wa Risavi e Zimbabwe ku hlanganisa na kuya fika e Dzongeni ra KwaZulu/Natal. Hambi leswi marhavi lawa ma twisisanaka, kuni kuhambana loku twalaka hi kuya hi vumbangu na nhlohlotelo wa vu kolonyi. Xitsonga xi ni maxaka ya le kusuhi ngopfu lawa kunga: Xirhonga, lexi vulavuriwaka e Maputo, Mozambhiki, na Xitswa, lexi vulavuriwaka e Nyembane na Xihlengwe lexi kumekaka ku ya e Zimbabwe.

Marhavi lawa ma hambana hi mavulavulele. Hixikombiso, E ka Xitsonga xa le Afrika Dzonga u nga ku Xikwembu. E Zimbabwe vaku Chikwembu.

Marhavi lawa hinkwawo ma kume nhlohlotelo lowu nga ringaniki wa ririmi ra xiZulu naswona, e Zimbabwe, hi ririmi ra xiNdevele. Leswi swi hoxe marito lawa ayanga rikona eka xitsonga xa khale.

Swikombiso swa marito lama lombiweke: ngqondo, gqoka, rincingo, qamba, Mugqivela... naswinwana.

Nhlamuselo ya le handle[Lulamisa | edit source]

Swikombo[Lulamisa | edit source]