Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela

A endzela Amerika hi Mawuwani 1993.


E ofisini
27 Dzivamusoko 1994 – 14 Khotavuxika 1999
Xandla xa Presidenti Frederik Willem de Klerk
Thabo Mbeki
U landzela Frederik Willem de Klerk
A landzeriwa hi Thabo Mbeki

E ofisini
3 Ndzhati 1998 – 14 Khotavuxika 1999
U landzela Andrés Pastrana Arango
A landzeriwa hi Thabo Mbeki

U tswariwe hi 18 July 1918 (1918-07-18) (age 96)
Mvezo, Eastern Cape, Afrika-Dzonga
Ntlawa wa politiki African National Congress

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela(IPA[xolíɬaɬa mandéːla]; loyi a tswariweke hi 18 Mawuwani 1918) i khale ka Presidenti ya Afrika Dzonga, i wo sungula ku hlawuriwa eka nhlawulo wa xi demokrasi lowu yimeleka vanhu hinkavo. Angasi hlawuriwa , Mandela a a lwisana na mfumo wa xihlawu-hlawu(apartheid) tani hi murhangeri wa African National Congress na vuthu ra nyimpi leri tiviweke hi ra Umkhonto we Sizwe. U hete 27 wa malembe e khotsweni, yo tala ya wona e Xihlaleni xa Robben, ehenhla ko voniwa milandzu leyi hlanganisaka ku kavanyeta matirhele ya mfumo wa xi hlawu-hlawu.

E xikarhi ka lava a va lwisana na mfumo wa xihlawu-hlawu e Afrika Dzonga nale misaveni hinkwayo, u vile mfungo wa ntshuxeko na ringana ka vanhu, hala thlelo mfumo wa xihlawu-hlawu na matiko lawa amawu seketela vanwi voneke yena na ANC tani hi mukhomanisi na mutherorisi.

Endzhaku ko tshunxiwa e khotsweni hi 11 Nyenyenyani 1990, ku cinca ka yena eku tirhiseni ndlela yo vuyelelana na burisana swi pfune ku hundzula Afrika Dzonga leswaku yi va tiko ra tinxaka to hambana-hambana. Kusukela loko mfumo wa xihlawu-hlawu wu herile, u bumabumeriwe ngopfu hi vanhu vo tala, kuhlanganisa na valala vakwe va nkarhi lowu hundzeke.

Mandela u amukele ti awadi leti tlukaka dzana endzeni ka makume-mune wa malembe, leyi tivekaka ngopfu eka tona i mbuyelo wa kurhula wa Nobel (Nobel Peace Prize) hi lembe ra 1993. Enkharhini wa sweswi u tlangeriwa tani hi mufumi loyi a dyuhaleke loyi a ha riki na rito etimhakeni to tala. E Afrika Dzonga u tiveka ngopfu hi ra Madiba, Vito ro hlawuleka leri nyikiwaka vakulu/tihosi ta rixaka ra vaka Mandela. Vito leri ri sungule ku tirhisiwa ngopfu ku vulavula hi Nelson Mandela.

Mandela u kombe Mahatma Gandhi tani hi munhu loyi a veke na nhlohlotelo ngopfu e vutonwini bya yena, hi ta Filosofi ya ku tirhisa kurhula no langutana na vuxanisi hindlela leyi xiximekaka.

Malembe ya vutomi yo vunthswa bya yena[Lulamisa | edit source]

Kutswariwa na rixaka[Lulamisa | edit source]

Nelson Mandela hi 1939[1]

Mandela uvelekiwa eka ri xaka ra vaThembu leri (hintolovelo) fumeka e migangeni ya Transkayi e hansi ka Phurovinci ya Kapa e ka nhlangano wa Afrika Dzonga. U bebuleriwe eka muganga lowu tsonga wa Mvezo e xifundzeni xa Umtata, Nstindza wa Transkayi. Kokwa wa yena akuri Ngubengcuka (Loyi a lovekeka hi lembe ra 1832), Hosi-leyi fumaka ya vaThembu, lava eku heteleleni va hluriweke mfumo wa vukolonyi wa manghezi. Unwe wa majaha ya hosi, leyi a yi tiviwa hi ra Mandela, u ve kokwana wa Nelson, loyi a veke xihlovo xa Xivongo. Leswi a veke nwana wa hosi hi nsati wa le ximatsini wa rixaka ra vaka Ixhiba, Swi hluke swa rhavi ra yena a swi nga faneleki ku teka vuhosi bya vaThembu. Tata wa kwe, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa (1880–1928), hambiswiritano u vekiwile tani hi ndhuna ya ximutana xa Mvezo. Endzaku ko papalata mfumo wa vukolonyi, u tekeriwe mfumo naswona a rhurisiwa aya e Qunu na muti wakwe. Hambiswiritano, Gadla a a hari unwana wa vandla ra hosi, naswona u hoxe xandla eku vekiweni ka Jongintaba Dalindyebo e vuhosini bya vaThembu, loyi a nwi hakeleke hi ku teka Mandela ehansi ka timpapa takwe, endzaku ka rifu ra Gadla. Tata wa Mandela a a ri na vasati va mune, lava va nwi velekeleke vana va khume-nharhu(mjaha ya mune na tintombhi ta nkaye). Mandela u tswariwe hi nsati wa wa vunharhu wa Gadla ('Wa vunharhu' hi kuya hi mpimo wa rixaka ra vuhosi), Nosekeni Fanny, nwana wa nhwana wa Nkedama loyi a a ri wa vaMpemvu va rixaka ra ma Xhosa, Yindlu ya xinene, laha Mandela a kuleleke e ximutanini xa kona.[2] Vito ro nyikiwa ra yena Rolihlahla ri vula leswaku "kukoka rhavi ra murhi", kumbe hi laha kutolovelekeke, "nwa-timholova".[3]


Dyondzo[Lulamisa | edit source]

Mintshaho[Lulamisa | edit source]

  1. Mandela 1996, pp. 16, 17
  2. Mandela, Nelson (2006). Mandela: The Authorized Portrait. ISBN 0-7407-5572-2. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  3. Mandela 1996, p. 7.